Pediatric nursing is one of the distinctive types among the various nursing jobs that distinguish the nursing profession from all the other occupations. Pediatric nurses are mostly attached to emergency departments, performing crucial tasks such as catheterizations for collecting urine and stool samples, starting IVs, conducting basic eye examinations, and obtaining the vital signs of temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate. They are also responsible for administering intravenous, intramuscular medications and are involved in a great deal of parent and patient counseling. Apart from this, the other duties of a pediatric nurse include blood administering, performing head to toe assessments and helping patients with broken bones or splinting. It is obvious from the area and scope of the job that a pediatric nurse performs a combination of multiple tasks, thus, having a crucial role in treating all kinds of patients.
A pediatric nurse requires some basic tools that are essential for achieving success and expertise in the concerned field. It is very important for a pediatric nurse to make the best use of the sensory organs for better and effective assessments. Pediatric nurses often use stethoscopes and sphygmomanometers for examining the various organs of the body such as lungs, heart, and abdomen. They also measure blood pressure. The other common tools used by the pediatrics department include cardiopulmonary (CP) monitors for tracking heart and respiration rates, Snellen charts for testing the patients' vision, and thermometers for obtaining temperature.
Specialized training is required for working as a pediatric nurse that can be acquired by taking up internal training programs offered by the hospital where the nurse is currently employed. Certified programs are also available after graduation for candidates interested in specializing in pediatrics. Various organizations offer special classes addressing Pediatrics. Some of these courses include Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS), through the American Heart Association and Emergency Nurse Pediatric Course through the Emergency Nurses Association. Individuals may also get involved in various nursing societies of pediatric nurses.
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